In June 1982 the European Commission brought an action against the UK on the grounds that it had only partially implemented the Directive in failing to amend or supplement the 1975 Sex Discrimination Act.

The judgement found that the UK was in breach of the Directive by exempting households and small employers (of five or less employees); and by not requiring existing collective agreements, or the regulations of professional and occupational governing bodies, to be amended.

The ruling led to the introduction of the Sex Discrimination Bill 1986.